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afraid和frightened区别(frighten和afraid的区别)

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afraid和frightened的区别:中文含义不同、词性及用法不同、侧重点不同。afraid作为形容词,含义有害怕、畏惧、担心、生怕,泛指一种恐惧心理;frightened可作形容词和动词,含义有惊吓的、受惊的、使惊吓,是指担心可能发生的结果,侧重于主体的心里感觉。

一、afraid的基本释义及用法介绍

afraid和frightened区别(frighten和afraid的区别)

afraid作为形容词,含义为害怕,畏惧(可能受伤害、受苦);担心(会发生某事);担心,生怕(将发生不快、不幸或危险的事)。

例句:It's all over. There's nothing to be afraid of now.

一切都结束了。现在没有什么可怕的了。

She was afraid of upsetting her parents.

她担心会使她父母不安。

I'm not afraid for me, but for the baby.

我担心的不是自己,而是婴儿。

I started to feel afraid of going out alone at night.

我开始害怕夜间单独外出了。

He's no better, I'm afraid to say.

我很抱歉地说,他一点也不见好转。

I'm afraid our needs do not rate very high with this administration.

我们的需求恐怕不会受到这届政府的多大重视。

二、frightened的基本释义及用法介绍

1、frightened作为形容词时,含义为惊吓的;受惊的;害怕的。

例句:I'm too frightened to ask him now.

现在我吓得不敢问他了。

She was frightened that the plane would crash.

她害怕飞机会坠毁。

She spoke quietly to still the frightened child.

她轻声安慰受到惊吓的孩子。

The frightened horse galloped away.

那匹受惊的马疾驰而去。

That was why I was so frightened at that time.

那就是为什么我当时如此害怕的原因。

2、frightened作为动词时,含义为使惊吓;使惊恐。

例句:Charlie tried to calm the frightened children.

查理努力使受到惊吓的孩子们平静下来。

Her tears frightened me, but mother didn't try to hide them.

她的泪水使我十分惊恐,但妈妈并不掩饰。

(责任编辑:许熙浩)

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